No nadir/zenith needed with fisheye on full frame camera?
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Thread: No nadir/zenith needed with fisheye on full frame camera?


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  1. No nadir/zenith needed with fisheye on full frame camera?


    I have read that there is no need to shoot a nadir and zenith shot when using a shaved Nikon 10.5 on a full-frame camera. Is that correct? The tripod or the bracket is not in the way of the nadir?

    If it is correct, does it stitch perfectly?
  2. #2
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    On a full frame sensor camera, a shaved 10.5 tilted up 5 degrees should remove the requirment for a Zenith shot. I have seen examples, but have not tried it personally.

    If you can come up with an invisible pano head and tripod, then a separate Nadir patch shot will not be required. You would have to tilt down. Tilting down would then make a separate Zenth shot necesary. Since Nick has not yet released invisible hardware (I have heard rumors as to such devices), we are left with using an additional Nadir path shot if we want to enclose the sphere.
  3. #3
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    You can even get the zenith closed with 4 shots around at 0°.

    You can download my D700 pics with shaved 10,5 lens. In PTGui change the lens settings to : fullframe 10.5. The sets are taken as follows: 4 around at 0° pitch, +5° pitch, +7,5° pitch, 2x 60°180° visa versa, +90°, Nadir1, Nadir2 with NN5 and Nadir Adapter. Have fun playing around. The result concerning best quality because the center of the lens is used would be an extra Zenith shot. The easiest way should be 4 around at +5° plus 2x Nadir.

    Last edited by hindenhaag; 01-03-2012 at 04:20 AM.
  4. #4

    it makes sense to me that the tripod will be in the way but several sites have mentioned it this quote: "There is no need for a zenith or nadir shot." is from What are they talking about?

    I am downloading the zip file now and will play around with it, thanks!
  5. #5


    I took your files and loaded them into PGGui (not the nadirs)
    I masked out the tripods in the non nadir images
    I loaded the 2 nadir shots, masked out the tripod
    Had PTGui create control points for the two nadirs
    Had PTHui create contol points for all images.
    The result was a pic with the bottom with various shades of muted grey where the tripod was masked out.

    what am I doing wrong?
  6. #6

    Quote Originally Posted by Davidk View Post
    The result was a pic with the bottom with various shades of muted grey where the tripod was masked out.
    what am I doing wrong?
    It could be a masking problem or an image alignment problem. It's often best initially to leave the last (shifted) nadir shot out of the optimization by unchecking that image in the "Use control points of" list on the Advanced screen of the Optimizer tab. When a good optimization has been obtained for all the other images, the last image can then be included by checking that image again. You will need to select the viewpoint correction option on the last image only in order to get a good optimization.
    It may help if you inspect my project file and compare with your own. Download it from .
  7. #7
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    "There is no need for a zenith or nadir shot."

    You do not need a Zenith or Nadir shot. That is a true statement - BUT - it always depends on what you want to accomplish. If you want a full 360x180 spherical panorama which allows the user to pan all the way in all directions and view the ground as if the camera is floating in space, you will need a Nadir patch shot.

    The best part of the image in a lens is in center. The worst part is at the edge. If you tilt at 0 degrees, the seam at the Zenith might not look as good as it could. Tilting up 5 degrees puts more of the better part of the lens in the picture.

    Tilting up does leave a hole at the bottom. Even if you shoot at 0 degrees, you still have the tripod in the picture. Some people choose to limit the downward tilt so as to not allow the viewer to see that there is a tripod. In this case you do not have a full spherical panorama. Maybe a 360x160 or something like that.

    The Nadir is a good place to put your or your customers logo. If the logo is big enough and your tripod legs were close enough together, you can cover the tripod with what is called a tripod cap. This is usually a corportate or photographers logo. In this case, a Nadir shot is not required. I like to have the full sphere available. I put my transparant floating logo at the Nadir.

    Here is the only panorama I have ever done where I put in a static logo in order to cover up the monopod. Turn up your speakers as there is sound with this one. I think that this Nadir cap works great as it tells the viewer exactly where and when they are. I was holding the camera over my head on a monopod. It was impossible to get a Nadir shot.

    The 10.5 lens on a DX camera will leave a rather huge hole at the Zenith and Nadir. The more you tilt up to try to cover the Zenith the more you open up the Nadir hole. In this case, a Zenith shot is required but the huge hole at the Nadir either needs to be covered up with a shot or a very large and obtrusive Nadir cap.

    So the statement that a Zenith or Nadir shot is not required when using a shaved 10.5 on a full frame camera is correct. Tilt up 5 degrees and you have a Zenith that is good enough. When in doubt, shoot the Zenith. If you want the entire sphere, shoot the Nadir. Otherwise you cover the tripod with a logo or "mirror ball" (YEACH!!!!) or something like that.

    I hope this make sense.

  8. #8

    That does make sense... Its all about what actual result is needed. Thanks for clearing it up. I'm going to be in LA in two weeks--two bad I won't have any spare time or I would look you up.

    Is the only advantage of using a shaved fisheye on a full frame that you can do a 360 in 4 shots instead of 6? Are there any other advantages?

    I did experiment with angling the camera to eliminate the zenith and nadir. I did two rows because I was having a problem getting control points on the zenith with open skies: one at +15, one at -15. The top was perfect without a separate zenith. The bottom was a nice pic of the tripod. I will use that technique for shooting with open skies to eliminate the need for a zenith but will add a couple nadirs

    Nice shot on the Tour. Your nadir is so tiny, the logo is not obtrusive at all. Did you shoot extra shots around to insure coverage since you were working on a monopod?

    What size output settings did you use in Pano2vr for that shot?

    Thanks for your time,


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